By: Steve Smith
Use an Iron Condor to Generate Income in a Sideways Market
While many individual names have has big earnings induced moves the broad market indices have basically gone nowhere over the past few months. The S&P 500 Index has been bound within a 3.5% range over the past three months. I’ve discussed how that index doesn’t tell the full story of underlying rotation and turbulence. But the narrowness of the indices has reached historic proportions; Dana Lyons noted, “for only the 8th time in 100 years, the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) had made it to 30 days without hitting either a 1-month high or low.” That streak is now extended 41 consecutive days. The only longer streak in history occurred in 1910 and lasted 45 days.” Bespoke did some data crunching to confirming we are indeed in a very rare period of market compression while enduring large intraday swings. One day up, then one day down.
The general feeling is that the market is building towards a large directional move. But from my point of view until there is a decisive move out of the recent range it appears we can remain range bound and continue frustrate both bulls and bears. Indeed you can see that over the past few months as the SPY approaches the $207 low it bounces or at the $212 high it retreats. It would seem with Friday’s close at the highs we are poised for a new leg higher, but note how the recent move up has come on declining volume over the past three sessions.
There may not be much of a bear case but the bulls also have failed to rally the troops for a new push higher. You’ll also note the RSI stochastic is also tipping above 100 suggesting the market is overbought in the short term. Indeed, coming in Monday morning there is no follow through as stocks are trading moderately lower. At this point it’s a prove it, move it or lose it market.
With earnings out of the way, no Federal Reserve meetings until the end of July and both China and the ECB having already made their big monetary moves I don’t see many catalyst over the next few weeks.
An Iron Condor
To profit from range bound market usually means selling option premium. That might entail selling both puts and calls to create a strangle. But these positions involve selling options “naked” meaning the risk is unlimited and also the margin requirement is often prohibitively high. To get that margin clerk off your back, and button up risk, use an iron condor strategy.
The iron condor consists of simultaneously selling both a call spread and put spread that have the same expiration dates. The position has a maximum profit of the amount of premium collected. The maximum loss is limited to the width of the spreads minus the premium collected.
Let’s look at the broad SPDR S&P 500 (SPY) for a potential trade. With the SPY at $212.50 on Friday one could sell the June Week1 205/207-214/216 condor for a $1.00 net credit.
The trade involves:
-Buy June Week1 $205 put
-Sell June Week1 $207 put
-Sell June Week1 $214 call
-Buy June Week1 $216 Call
For a $1 net credit. These options expire June 6th .
Note, the call spread sold is closer to-the-money than the put spread. The reasoning being with the SPY currently at the top end of the range it is more likely to pull back. If it does burst through the $214 strike we’ll know we are wrong and quickly close the position for a minimal loss.
Here is the risk/reward and probabilities graph:
The risk/reward is 1:1, which is very attractive for a position that benefits from time decay. The probability of it achieving a profit is 53% but will increase as time passes.
With the shortened trading week and light trade that usually surrounds Memorial Day Weekend we can hopefully kick back and collect money while the market goes nowhere fast.