The Nasdaq Gets a New Volatility Index: What You Need to Know
By: Steve Smith
Most people are aware of the CBOE S&P 500 Volatility Index, or VIX, which is often referred to as the ‘fear gauge’ because it typically goes up, sometimes dramatically, as the market goes down. The “Chicago Board Of Options Exchange (CBOE)” has been able to leverage the brand of this index, which can’t be traded directly through licensing of various products such as futures contracts and host of ETFs like the “iPath S&P 500 Volatility (VXX)”.
Less well known or reported upon is the VXN, which the volatility index based on the “Nasdaq 100 (QQQ – Get Rating)”. One of the reasons is simply the VIX was the original and has been around for over 30 years, whereas VNX is barely 8 years, allowing it to become the default measure of market volatility. Also, aside from futures contracts, there are few ways for individuals to trade the VNX.
But with the big-cap tech which comprises the Nasdaq and is dominating market movement, there is a growing interest in being able to use the VXN to both hedge and speculate. Well, it looks like some new products should launch very soon.
Last week, the “Nasdaq Exchange (NDAQ – Get Rating)” teamed up with the “Chicago Mercantile (CME)” to create the Nasdaq-100 Volatility Index (VOLQ).
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The VOLQ distinguishes itself from the VXN (and VIX for that matter) by using a different methodology for its calculation. Whereas the VXN and VIX is a formula that encompasses all strike prices that have more than a $0.01 bid and just two expiration periods the VOLQ uses the first and second in-the-money and first and second out-of-the-money call and put options for the four-weekly expirations.
In this way, it focuses on at-the-money strikes which the creators say is what most traders focus on when trying to gauge current volatility levels. Professionals and hedge funds that employ complicated strategies do look at a skew, that is the different volatility levels for further out-of-the-money options, to gauge tail risk or spot anomalies. But for the average trader, at-the-money is where it’s at.
In this way, the VOLQ should give a truer snapshot of the real 30-day volatility, especially during periods of heightened volatility when the implied volatility for far OTM puts can surge as people buy disaster protection. Right now, the only way to trade the VLOQ is through futures contracts which is probably why the CME and NDAQ’s announcement didn’t garner much press.
But, what will bring the VOLQ to people’s attention is the fact Exchange Traded Funds or ETFs based on it are set to roll out within the next two weeks. I use the VXX sparingly as a short-term hedging tool, as I did last week when 7 out my 8 positions were all bullish and I wanted some downside protection.
But, as tech stocks become the bigger part of my and most other traders’ portfolios it will be nice to have an easily traded product tied to QQQs. A VLOQ ETF will be a welcome addition to any trader’s arsenal.
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Steve Smith have been involved in all facets of the investment industry in a variety of roles ranging from speculator, educator, manager and advisor. This has taken him from the trading floors of Chicago to hedge funds on Wall Street to the world online. From 1987 to 1996, he served as a market maker at the Chicago Board of Options Exchange (CBOE) and Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT). From 1997 to 2007, he was a Senior Columnist and Managing Editor for TheStreet.com, handling their Option Alert and Short Report newsletters. The Option Alert was awarded the MIN “best business newsletter” in 2006. From 2009 to 2013, Smith was a Senior Columnist and Managing Editor for Minyanville’s OptionSmith newsletter, as well as a Risk Manager Consultant for New Vernon Capital LLC. Smith acted as an advisor to build models and option strategies to reduce portfolio exposure and enhance returns for the four main funds. Since 2015, he has worked for Adam Mesh Trading Group. There, he has managed Options360 and Earning 360, been co-leader of Option Academy, and contributed to The Option Specialist website.
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