The Size of Your Trades Matters, Here’s Why

The Size of Your Trades Matters, Here’s Why

Posted On December 22, 2020 3:50 pm

This morning, I sent an Alert to Options360 members directing them to close our position in Facebook (FB) iron condor, for what I described as a “small loss.”  I immediately received an email from a member who took issue with my description and went on to say the loss was “a third.” 

We had a bit of a back and forth before ultimately coming to an agreement that one can quibble over the semantics of what’s considered small versus large. But, the numbers are the numbers. 

With this in mind, I thought it would be an instructive trade walk, allowing us to analyze concepts such as position size, management, and the proper way to calculate risk/reward and the resulting returns. 

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On December 8, FB was trading around $284 per share, as an iron condor, using 270/275 strike puts and 305/310 strike calls in the December 31 expiration.  The initial credit collected was $2.25 per spread. Options360 established a 2 contract position. 

This meant that our risk was $2.75, which is calculated by the width between strikes minus the premium collected or (5.00-2.25+2.75) or $550 for a two-contract position. 

The first important point I want to make concerns position sizing. Each year, the Options360 portfolio is reset to $10,000, it’s currently up some 45% ($4,500) to about $14,500. Therefore the FB trade represented about 3.8% of the portfolio — well within the 2% – 8% target allocation I want for any one position.  So, even under the worst-case scenario, this couldn’t result in a large or outsized loss for the Option360 portfolio. 

Second, the defined risk of the FB iron condor spread trade meant that our maximum profit, if we allowed the position to expire worthless, and we collected the full $2.25 of premium, was 81% return on the risk $2.75,(2.25 divided by 275), conversely meaning that the maximum loss would be 120%  (2.75 divided by 2.25) based on risk.  These numbers are referred to as Return on Risk or ROR.   In dollar terms, we could make $450 or lose $550. Here’s a visual of the initial risk/reward profile. 

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facebook snapshot analysis

The next day, FB shares, unfortunately, dropped $271 — on mounting antitrust lawsuits news.  One day in and the position already incurred a break of the expected range. Not good.  

On December 14, I made an iron condor call side adjustment by rolling down 305/310 strikes to 295/300, collecting $0.40 of additional credit.  The total premium collected was now $2.65.  While this reduced risk and increased profit potential, it doesn’t change how you’d calculate ultimate returns. 

Returns must be calculated based on the initial risk! 

Today, Options360 closed the FB iron condor by paying a $3.05 debit, translating into a $0.50 loss ($100) on the 2 contract positions.  Based on our initial $2.75 ($550 risk), it’s an 18% loss on the specific FB trade. It also represented just 0.006% of the Options360 Portfolio. You can call it ‘big’ or ‘small,’ but it’s certainly manageable and well within my risk parameters. And now, I move on to new trades. 

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About author

Steve Smith

Steve Smith have been involved in all facets of the investment industry in a variety of roles ranging from speculator, educator, manager and advisor. This has taken him from the trading floors of Chicago to hedge funds on Wall Street to the world online. From 1987 to 1996, he served as a market maker at the Chicago Board of Options Exchange (CBOE) and Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT). From 1997 to 2007, he was a Senior Columnist and Managing Editor for TheStreet.com, handling their Option Alert and Short Report newsletters. The Option Alert was awarded the MIN “best business newsletter” in 2006. From 2009 to 2013, Smith was a Senior Columnist and Managing Editor for Minyanville’s OptionSmith newsletter, as well as a Risk Manager Consultant for New Vernon Capital LLC. Smith acted as an advisor to build models and option strategies to reduce portfolio exposure and enhance returns for the four main funds. Since 2015, he has worked for Adam Mesh Trading Group. There, he has managed Options360 and Earning 360, been co-leader of Option Academy, and contributed to The Option Specialist website.